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The Innovative Technologies Used In Medical Rehabilitation

The Innovative Technologies Used In Medical Rehabilitation

Medical rehabilitation utilises a plethora of brain injury treatment equipment and technology to help patients. Since every person’s injury is different, their treatment plan is different. Meaning each person requires a different set of technology and equipment. Here are some of the cutting-edge technologies that a medical rehabilitation centre generally has:

  • A Therapy Pool
    Aquatic therapy pools are used for resistance control and other exercises. They can come equipped with video aids and treadmills.
  • Gravity Eliminating Robot Arm
    This is a robotic device that helps in the recovery of upper extremity movement. The gravity eliminating or reducing device allows you to move an arm while the patient is sitting upright. The gadget gives the patient the freedom to interact with a computer screen rather than lie down on their stomach or back.
  • Communication Devices
    For a patient with speech and language issues, augmentative communication devices like iPads are used. They help with speech difficulty. The therapists can further aid in communication by feeding the gadget with personalised phrases and information.
  • Sensor Technology
    Sensor technology, like biofeedback, are computer-assisted gadgets that help a patient learn how to relax, reduce stress and sleep better. They do so by providing body feedback.
  • Treadmills And Balance Machines
    A rehabilitation centre has a number of machines that facilitate motor recovery in legs. They assist in improving:
    • Mobility
    • Walking
    • Balance and
    • Balance reaction.

For example, specialised treadmills monitor the length of steps and the weight put upon the left and right foot while walking. Balance diagnostic machines are particularly helpful to patients because:

  • They determine where the patient is placing most of their weight.
  • They aid in shifting balance appropriately.
  • They help get better control over stability.

Strength and Coordination DevicesTechnology like FitMe and NuStep (a reciprocal step cardio machine) help in improving the strength, coordination and endurance in the arms and legs of a patient.

Also Read: The Issues And Challenges In The Rehabilitation Sector

Neuromuscular Electrical stimulation
MNES devices stimulate muscle movement in any part of the body. They help in developing muscle and motion in lower extremities, face, neck and upper extremities. These are:

  • non-invasive
  • non-addictive

They are best used for muscle rehabilitation after injury, surgery or disease. People who have orthopaedic and neurological diagnoses benefit a lot from NMES gadgets.

An example of NMES gadget is NeuroMove. The machine uses a reward system. The patient actively moves the limb of their own accord. When they reach their mobility threshold, the device sends an electrical stimulation that causes the muscles to contract further. Thus, acting as a reward. The NeuroMove also uses Electromyography which is an electrodiagnostic medicine technique that assesses and records the electrical activity of skeletal muscles.

Vector illustration of care given for a patient affected by stroke
Speech Technologies
Visual Integration Device

iPad and iPhone applications are frequently used in medical rehab centres for educating patients and training them in skills. They are also useful for speech generation. Other gadgets like IOPI and VitalStim are utilised for:

  • Swallowing issues
  • Measure strength in lips and tongue

For voice and motor speech, machines like the Visi-Pitch may be used. They also help in auditory feedback deficit.

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Computers are one of the most common technologies found in rehabilitation centres. From major issues like double vision and eye movement to simpler things like typing practice, computer systems are employed for a variety of purposes.
Some of the computer programs we use in our Rehabilitation Center in Chennai are:

  • Vision programs
  • Data order processing
  • Attention process training
  • Physical therapy programs
  • Speech and language programs

These have large touch-screen like a TV with programs fed in them that help in:

  • Vision
  • Memory
  • Motor functions

After a brain injury, this technology is often utilised to for repairing motor skills and cognitive function.
Beside these cutting-edge technologies, a rehabilitation centre is outfitted with equipment that keeps close track of the improvement in a person. Each device provides objective and detailed information that healthcare practitioners can leverage to improve the functioning of the individual.

Technology And Humans: Go Hand In Hand

A sit to stand trainer can aid a patient in movements that healthy people perform without much effort. Ultrasounds machines can be used to reduce pain and inflammation. But technology plays only a partial role at our Chennai medical rehabilitation centre. The therapist and doctors make the other half. They are the ones who review every technology before it is installed in the Chennai centre. It is the doctors, nurses and other staff who evaluate the data generated by the machines to ensure 100% care for the patients. At HAMSA, we make sure that innovation and human hands work side by side for the optimal recovery of every person.

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